CBSE Board Exams 2024: Major Changes in Exam Pattern, Marking Scheme


The pressure of 10th and 12th board exams begins to build a year in advance, typically in classes 9th and 11th. In response to this, efforts are being made to alleviate this pressure through the New Education Policy 2020 (NEP 2020) and a new exam format. In the next few years, the entire education system is expected to undergo significant changes, and preparations for this transformation have already begun.

The Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE) has introduced substantial alterations to the exam pattern and marking scheme for the 10th and 12th-grade board exams. These changes aim to reduce the academic stress on students and also curb the prevalent coaching culture.

The CBSE board exams for 2024 are set to commence on February 15. Sample papers for classes 10 and 12 have been made available on the official website at These sample papers offer valuable insights into the new exam format and marking scheme, providing students with a better understanding.

CBSE Board Exams 2024

One of the key modifications is the increase in competency-based questions in the CBSE board exams for 2024. This shift encourages students to focus on comprehending the subjects rather than simply memorizing them.

For class 10, the exam will consist of 50 percent competency or case-based questions, 20 percent response-type questions, 20 percent multiple-choice questions (MCQs), and 30 percent constructed response questions (comprising both short answer and long answer questions).

CBSE 12th Supplementary Form 2023 Date, Fee, Process, Result

In class 12, the distribution will be as follows: 40 percent competency or case-based and other types of questions, 20 percent response-type questions, 20 percent MCQs, and 40 percent constructed response questions (including short and long answer questions).

The new sample papers also indicate that students will be required to take a school pre-board exam prior to the main board examination. This change reflects the focus on ability-based questions, which will constitute a significant portion of the board exams in 2024.

Specifically, 50 percent of questions in class 10 and 40 percent of questions in class 12 will be based on abilities. In addition to these, objective, short-answer, and long-answer questions will also be included in the board exams. Students will need to provide responses to a varying number of questions, ranging from 15 to 35, within the three-hour duration of the examination.

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